Microelectronics is a subfield within general electronics that deals with very small electronic components and devices. It is involved in the design, manufacture and industrial application for these devices. This field holds a tremendous possibility that can be utilized by both the industrial and the scientific community. With electronic components being miniaturized, it is now possible to design small and even microscopic devices that can do the same things as their regular sized counterparts.
Impact- The devices that are designed and made under microelectronics can be micrometre in scale, which means that they are very small. It is possible to make components of this size because of the understanding of the way that molecules of semiconductors behave. With this understanding it has become possible to design components that are so small it would need a microscope to view them.
The impact of this discover can not be underestimated and its value in various industries is great, even if most of its potential is still unrealized. It still has to see widespread applications in the industries.
Components- Almost all of the normal components used in regular electronics have its equivalent in microelectronics. The usual components such as resistors, capacitors, diodes, transistors and Integrated Circuits all have their micro counterparts. There are differences of course. Because of the size problem other means of connection are used. Instead of the usual wiring used in regular electronics a unique way of bonding has been developed.
With better manufacturing process and more advanced technology the components are bound to get smaller. The aim of a designer/engineer in this field is to come up with smaller designs while overcoming the natural weakness of components of such small sizes.
Types of Microelectronics Technology- The field of microelectronics has a wide range of application. It is interconnected with other branches of technology that deals with downsizing things:
- Nanoelectronics- This is microelectronics taken down to smaller sizes. This is the study of electronics and the designing of electronic components and devices down to an atomic level. Yes, it is possible to achieve that.
- Nanotechnology- This is closely related to nanoelectronics and in fact it is almost the same. This is the use of technology down to atomic sizes.
- Microfabrication- Microfabrication covers the designing and creation of small structures and devices. Most of these would use electronics technology. This technology is now mainly used for the making of integrated circuits that are so small yet they can do the same amount, or even a greater amount of work of larger circuits.
These are just some of the related technologies to microelectronics today.